The K-12 Education Plan is spearheaded by President Benigno Aquino III which is part of his Educational Reform Program. Of the implementation, he believes that adding more years in the Basic Education Curriculum, could help the Philippines establish a globally competitive education while solving the problem of unemployment. To simply put short, the K-12 Educational Plan is basically adding an additional year in both elementary and high school. K-12 meaning Kindergarten to the 12th Grade.
Considering that the Philippines really has the shortest amount of years dedicated to schooling than the other countries, this may seem like an interesting move from the administration. Given the current situation that the country is in, it may not be the best of choices.
It may raise the standards of learning as the additional subjects tackled in the two years may be beneficial and could supply sufficient information and knowledge with regards to the more advanced subjects. However, there is a need of changing the topics being tackled in the various levels because they may seem a bit repetitive and that the topics being taught also vary from school-to-school.
As of 2010, 11.6 million Filipinos from 6 to 24 years old are out-of-school youth. 43 out of 100 Grade 1 students become high school graduates. With that being said, there is also the resurgence of various problems that would lead to the dropping out of many students. One of these problems could be poverty which is the primal problem of many families. If K-12 could solve the unemployment rate, it will not surely attract as much because of the low salaries that teachers are receiving – most especially in the Public Schools. Though DepEd can assure the public teachers that there will be sufficient salaries for all, one still can question whether DepEd still holds true to this assurance as this has been a problem for many long years.
Education still holds problems such as insufficient classrooms and facilities. Most schools already house 60-90 students per classroom. Some classes are already held on muddy fields and some classrooms are damaged enough to be unrecommended for classes. If the government decides to add two more years, there will be a need for more classrooms and DepEd surely cannot fix this problem. If they had not done it before, how can it be now? Surely, the crisis would worsen seeing that there is a need for classrooms of two more levels. DepEd is already being questioned for having the largest budget, yet it is unable to fix all these damages.
Instead of adding an additional two years in the curriculum, the government should focus on other things like the maintenance and repair of public school facilities so it would be suitable for learning, monitoring unjust hikes in tuition fees most especially in schools of autonomous status, and upholding students’ rights and teachers’ welfare. The government should come up with better solutions that would somehow solve this multitude of problems and K-12 is not the best solution. In turn, it can be the start of another multitude of problems. With that being said, do you still think the Philippines is ready for change and can manage another two years dedicated to schooling?